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Wildlife of Thailand: Must-see wildlife during your visit to Thailand!

Explore Thailand's jungles with the must-see wildlife of Thailand!


There are so many kinds of creatures to see and experience in Thailand - even hearing the sounds of the jungle will excite your senses! 

Know that patience is key for viewing some of these stunning creatures, and please remember to always select sustainable and ethical tourism companies. 

Thailand's jungles are FILLED with so many animals that you just have to don your hiking gear and mosquito repellent and go into the jungle depths for at least a few days. 

Discover Khao Yai National Park with Guide Jay for the best possible experience seeing some incredible wildlife, such as wild Asian Elephant, gibbons, hornbills, and more. 

Go through Our Jungle House down at Khao Sok National Park for expert local wildlife and trail guides.

Note that much of what you'll see is solely based on luck, but PATIENCE and staying quiet on the trail will get you very far.

Need more inspiration to visit Thailand? Check out the video we made from our trip!


Asian Elephant

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) are the world's second largest land mammals, dwarfed only by their somewhat larger African counterpart.

These stunning creatures are on the IUCN Red List and are designated as Endangered due to habitat loss and poaching for the illegal ivory trade.

Importantly, make sure you select an ethical location to see these animals if it's not in the wild - two highly recommended locations are Elephant Hills in Khao Sok and Elephant Nature Park near Chiang Mai. There are approximately 30,000-50,000 left in the wild throughout Asia, with around 3,000 of those located in Thailand. 

Elephants have incredibly large home range areas, so finding the best time and place to see them in the wild can still be a challenge. The cooler season from November to February may likely draw out more individuals from the forest during the daytime. Khao Yai National Park and Kaeng Krachan National Park are two of the best places to spot elephants in the wild - going with a guide (like Jay!) will help increase your changes dramatically.

PRO TIP: Select an elephant sanctuary that strictly forbids riding of elephants. Those that encourage this type of tourism are NOT ethical sanctuaries; in contrast, ethical locations will allow feeding, mud bathing, and washing elephants, as well as limit the number of people who visit in a day.

Langur

Langurs (Trachypithecus obscurus), also known as the Spectacled or Dusky Leaf Monkey, are shy creatures and are quite hard to spot. Their species name even gives this away - "obscurus"! Their common name "Spectacled Langur" derives from the white circles around their eyes, which look like a pair of glasses.

These stunning animals are listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List due to habitat loss and being targeted as a food source. 

Langurs are very social animals in that they travel in groups together, but don't expect them to be as boisterous as Macaques - they tend to be pretty quiet. We hiked along the Western Track trail as soon as you enter Khao Sok National Park, and saw them by pure chance about two miles down the trail near the giant fig tree. Ten minutes later and we wouldn't have spotted these beautiful animals! 

PRO TIP: Ask locals where fruiting fig trees are located - these are almost ALWAYS the most likely spots to find tons of wildlife.

Great Hornbill

Bird and wildlife-lovers alike will rejoice at seeing the Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis). This species is one of the largest in the hornbill family, certainly the largest in Thailand, with a near-five-foot wingspan! Often, you'll hear its wing beats well before you see it flying through the air.

There are a handful of varieties of Hornbill throughout the country, and the Great Hornbill isn't named "Great" for nothing. Their extensive and stunning bill is beautiful to behold, and it's also one reason why these birds are Threatened, as their bills are sought-after for decoration. 

Khao Yai National Park and Khao Sok National Park (particularly Cheow Lan Lake) are both wonderful places to get a good look at the Great Hornbill. If you see one, it's likely another won't be too far away as well, since these birds mate for life and are very dedicated to each other.

Keep an ear out for their distinct call.

PRO TIP: Listen to the calls of birds ahead of time to know when the bird you're most wanting to see is in the area!

Black-and-Yellow BroadbilI 

The entire Broadbill family was on my bucket list of must-see birds in Thailand. The Black-and-Yellow Broadbill (Eurylaimus ochromalus) is especially stunning, with varying colors and patterns on its feathers and its distinctive blue bill. 

Broadbills are much smaller than they appear in your bird book, as they look almost stocky; in reality, they're really quite small at only around 30 grams. 

Pairs will gather together around December time frame to begin nest building and preparing for the breeding season in the middle of Thailand's winter. 

We saw these fun birds only by happenstance, as our guide, Ed, pointed them out while walking through Khao Sok National Park. The pair was building their nest high in a tree, and we wouldn't have known they were there if he hadn't said anything! We hung out with our binoculars and camera a good distance away to simply enjoy watching their movements and their instinctual nest building mannerisms.

Listen to the different calls and songs broadbills can make, so that you will know for sure whether they're hiding somewhere nearby! Their song is very distinctive, sounding similar to a cicada, though more sing-songy. 

Macaque

There are a handful of Macaque species in Thailand, including the Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis; pictured) and the Northern Pigtail Macaque (Macaca leonina) - these are the two species we saw most readily. 

Macaques can be seen throughout Thailand, and certainly they're photogenic animals. Just be careful to keep your distance and assert your dominance over them by clapping your hands loudly or stomping if they begin to get aggressive with you - macaques that are found on hiking trails or near parking lots may be accustomed to being fed and can get aggressive when in search of food. Don't give any to them! Unfortunately, we saw one too many times macaques jumping onto people to steal away food, even a plastic water bottle.

These creatures are very social animals, so you'll often see them in fairly large groups. Macaques are also known for being bullies to other animals, especially when figs are fruiting high in the trees, so don't be surprised if other animals flee as a group of macaques comes near. 

Flying Lizard

When we first saw this flying lizard, also known as a the Spotted Flying Dragon (Draco maculatus), it had caught my eye, as I thought it was a leaf falling. However, a lizard had appeared in the place where I suspected the "leaf" had landed! 

Flying lizards glide, rather than fly, from tree to tree, but their stunning winged display and the males' handsome, brightly colored "beard" flap is loads of fun to see. As you can see from the above photo, they blend in incredibly well with the trees on which they spend most of their time!

This particular individual was spotted in Khao Sok National Park, but various species are found throughout Southeast Asia. 

White-handed Gibbon

White-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar), to me, represent the sound of the jungle - their high-pitched, solemn-sounding calls emanate through the forest and can be heard for miles. In areas where a group of gibbons forms a solid territory, these calls will be heard quite often, as this is how gibbons express to others where their territory boundaries are located. 

While you'll likely hear gibbons, seeing them is another story. They often live high in the rainforest trees, far from where humans can often spot them. Khao Yai National Park offered a multitude of viewing opportunities for these beautiful animals, since the park's roads look out in some locations at the treetops in the forest.

While other gibbon species can be found in Thailand, the White-handed species was the type we most readily saw and heard. Keep a look out for their variety of fur colors, including black and cream. 

Getting to hear and see them was such a treat, especially because these beautiful animals are considered Endangered

Black Giant Squirrel

The Black Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor) is the largest squirrel in Thailand, and one of the largest in the world, coming in at nearly 3 feet in length including its very long tail. 

These fun animals can be seen walking among the branches of trees in search of tasty fruits and nuts or a good place to rest. They're so big that it's really pretty hard to miss seeing them if you continue to scan the tree branches! 

Khao Yai is a wonderful place to see Black Giant Squirrels because of the somewhat continuous tracts of forest for habitat and food sources. While they're quite prevalent throughout the Malay Peninsula, they aren't as easy to spot - because of habitat loss, they are considered Nearly Threatened

Oak Leaf Butterfly

This is another species we wouldn't have seen without our fabulous guide, Ed, in Khao Sok. The Oak Leaf Butterfly (Kallima inachus) looks just like a dried oak leaf, blending well into their environment to prevent from being eaten by a myriad of creatures in the jungle. 

When it spreads its wings, however, its whole backside lights up with colors not unlike a sunset sky. Stopping to take the time to meander through forest trails leaves opportunities like seeing these unique insects possible!


Of course, there are MANY other creatures to see and experience in Thailand, but these are just selection of some of the neatest things you'll have the opportunity to see during your trip.

What animal is at the top of your Thailand bucket list??


Happy travels!

Christa and Nathan